Governments around the world have invested over $67B USD in nanotechnology research since 2000. Europe, U.S.A. and Japan are amongst the highest investors.
||Argentina, Portugal, Spain
Increasing participation in the pursuit of nanotechnological abvancements and national strength is recently represented by a joint agreement between Argentina, Portugal, and Spain on March 11, 2014. The intention is to share human capital and a state-of-the-art International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory for nanotech related projects.
||European Union (EU)
The newest $80B funding initiative is named Horizon 2020, which will supercede the 7th research framework programme (FP7) closing in 2013. Horizon 2020 is aimed at improving nano-technology transfer into the market. Some specific programs are also listed here.
Nanoelectronics research programs are aimed at enhancing the further integration and miniaturization of devices and increasing their functionalities. The semiconductor industry is of course the main target. Silicon photonics device development just went through a €8.5 million European Commission HELIOS project (launched in 2008).
It is strategically important for Europe to maintain photonic chip-design and chip-integrating functions to compete with other countries and to encourage innovation by European microelectronics companies”
Laurent Malier, Leti CEO
HELIOS focused on developing essential building blocks like efficient optical sources (silicon-based and heterogeneous integration of III-V on silicon), integrated lasers, high-speed modulators and photo-detectors. The program led to more than 170 publications and communications in peer-review journals and international conferences. In the near future, new major players are expected to emerge such as carbon nanotube (CNT) manufacturers.
The EU is also active in standardizing nanotechnology concerning its impacts on health and the environment. EU also works actively with the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO), the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC).
Many competitive high-tech centers exist that are becoming increasingly supported by government interests. RUSNANOPRIZE is awarded across Russia for leading research in nanotechnology and nanoscience.
On August 13, 2003, the Thai government approved the setup of the National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC) under National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST). After the ten year anniversary, the next 10-year National Strategic Framework in Nanotechnology was commissioned via the National Nanotechnology Policy Committee.
||United States of America
North America is always looking striving for the leading edge. On the government side, this means that good research funding may be expected. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced a competition to create an Advanced Materials Center of Excellence that will be a hub for to NIST researchers as well as scientists and engineers from academia and industry (ca. $25 million award). In addition, the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure is being established, with 16 University research sites across the U.S. as of 2015.